Tuesday, March 22

Sanitation Myths

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council identify (and debunk) 5 myths concerning the lack of progress towards water/sanitation improvements:
  1. The problem is shortage of water
  2. The problem is that governments don’t have the money
  3. The problem is that people are too poor to pay
  4. The problem is lack of technology
  5. The problem is rapid population growth, especially in cities
The Council also argues that childhood malnutrition is the best indicator of hygiene:

"Except in extreme circumstances, child malnutrition has little to do with food availability and everything to do with good hygiene, good sanitation, and good water supply. Frequent illnesses, especially diarrhoea, are what undermine a child’s growth. Disease takes away appetite, inhibits the absorption of nutrients, burns up calories in fever and fighting infection, and drains away nutrients in vomiting and diarrhoea."
Zambia is ranked in the "Very Dangerous" column (25% malnutrition rates). Among developing countries, Chile and Armenia are tops (0.8% and 2.5%). Afghanistan and Korea are last (48% and 60%).